Air pollution and Breathing problem - মায়া

Air pollution and Breathing problem

image source: The business today

Dhaka had a score of 252 at 8am on Tuesday, indicating that the air quality was “very unhealthy”, reports UNB. Children, adults, and people with respiratory diseases are advised to avoid outdoor exertion while everyone else is suggested to limit outdoor exertion in this situation.  

Bangladeshi people are suffering from different diseases like bronchitis, dyspnea, asthma, Pneumonia, etc for air pollution.

People with bronchitis have swelling and inflammation in their bronchial tubes, the air passages that link the mouth and nose with the lungs, and often come from another disease named Dyspnea.  

Dyspnea is the medical term for shortness of breath, which is a symptom of Covid-19 also.

Signs of Dyspnea:

Signs that a person is experiencing dyspnea include:

  • Shortness of breath after exertion or due to a medical condition.
  • Feeling smothered Trusted Source or suffocated as a result of breathing difficulties
  • labored breathing
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Heart palpitations Trusted Source
  • Wheezing
  • Coughing  

Causes of Dyspnea:

Dyspnea caused by medical conditions covers a wide range of health concerns.

While they should all be evaluated by a doctor, conditions that bring on sudden breathlessness should be treated as emergencies. These include:

  •          heart failure
  •          low blood pressure
  •          pneumonia
  •          pulmonary embolism (a blood clot in the lungs)
  •          carbon monoxide poisoning
  •          stress or anxiety 

You may also experience sudden dyspnea if a piece of food or some other object blocks your airway.

An injury that harms a lung or causes a rapid loss of blood will also make breathing more difficult.

Results of Dyspnea:

When shortness of breath isn’t a sudden emergency but is instead a problem that lingers for at least four weeks, it’s considered chronic. Examples of chronic dyspnea cause include:

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which covers emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  • Interstitial lung disease (scarring of lung tissue)
  • Poor physical conditioning
  • Obesity
  • Heart disease

Prevention:

Prevention means avoiding or managing the main causes of Dyspnea. Some steps could be:

  • Avoid Smoking
  • Use mask outdoor and polluted workplace
  • Maintain a healthy weight and habits.

When to see a doctor?

Dyspnea can be a serious medical condition. It is definitely an issue to discuss with a doctor.

If you feel lightheadedness or chest pain or lying down for shortness of breath. Chilis, coughing, fever all these could be symptoms of serious diseases like Bronchitis, heart attack, Pneumonia, etc.

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