Symptoms can be divided into two types of behavioral problem. They are-
- Concentrate problem
- Hyperactivity and tenderness
Most of the people infected with ADHD have problems which can fall into both categories but it may not be always.
For example, some people affected with ADHD have concentration problems but don’t have any hyperactivity or tenderness problem. These type of problems are known as ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder-ADD). As it’s symptoms are not clear, it can not be diagnosed sometimes.
Symptoms in children and teenagers
Symptoms of ADHD in children and teenagers are specific and they usually appear before the age of six. These problems can be diagnosed anywhere, such as at home and at school.
Symptoms of behavioral problems are described below:
The main symptoms are:
- Can not concentrate on any work for a long time (short attention span), and being easily confused.
- Repeatedly make mistakes and do not feel any concern for them, such as school work.
- Can not remember anything and loose belongings.
- May not be able to continue to do the works which are tiresome or time-consuming.
- Fail to listen and follow the instructions.
- Change works after every few moments.
- Face difficulties in organizing works.
- Highly active (Hyperactivity) and tenderness
- Can’t sit still, especially in a calm and silent environment.
- Constantly fidgeting
- Unable to pay attention
- Excessive movement of body, hands and feet
- Talk too much
- Can’t wait for their turn to come to talk
- Act without thinking anything
- Disrupt others conversation
- Have less idea or no idea about danger
These symptoms may create various problems in a child’s life, such as fail to achieve the standard of the school, poor social interaction with other children and adults and face problems with discipline.
Situations related to children and teenagers
However, not in all cases but in some cases children and teenagers may face other problems or symptoms along with ADHD. For example:
- Too much tension: Because of this your child can get scared and terrified most of the time and sometimes it can lead to various physical symptoms such as rapid heart rate, sweating, and dizziness.
- Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): It is defined as the negative behavior. They behave with their parents and teacher in this way.
- Behavioral problems: These type of problems create antisocial behavior such as stealing, fighting, vandalism or harming people or animals.
- Insomnia: Face sleeping problems at night and their sleeping patterns can be irregular.
- Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD): It affects social interaction, communication, interests and behavior.
- Epilepsy: A type of situation which affects the brain which is causing seizures repeatedly.
- Tourette’s syndrome: Type of a situation of nervous system where unwanted sounds come out from mouth and the movement of the body parts.
- Learning disabilities: Such as dyslexia.
Symptoms in adults
It is difficult to identify the symptoms of ADHD in adults and the main reason behind this is the lack of researches on adults infected with ADHD.
ADHD is a kind of psychological problem. It is believed that if a person does not infected with ADHD in childhood, then the disease can not be developed in adulthood. It’s true that the symptoms of ADHD first appear in childhood, then continues in teenage and then in adulthood. If problems like depression or learning disorders appears in childhood, then it may continue in adulthood.
15% people who are infected with ADHD from childhood, can have all the symptoms of ADHD in the age of 25 and 65% people have some of the symptoms which impact on their daily lives.
The symptoms in children and teenagers which are described above can be appeared in adults also. However, some experts say that the way laxity, hyperactivity and tenderness influence the adult are completely different from the children.
For example, hyperactivity decreases in adults but laxity increases as people grow and it can be worse in adulthood.
Moreover, The symptoms of ADHD in childhood are much more delicate than the symptoms in adults.
Therefore, some experts have suggested the following list of symptoms which are related to ADHD in adults.
- Carelessness and lack of attention on the details of any incident.
- Poor organizational skills
- Loose things or not to keep things in proper place
- Restlessness and anxiety,
- Can’t stay quiet and can’t wait for their turn to come to talk
- Respond without thinking anything (blurting out responses) and causing annoyance to others.
- Quick mood swings, mood disturbances and quick temper loose
- Can not handle the pressure
- Extreme impatience
- Take risks in activities and often do not worry about the safety of his own or others, such as dangerous driving.
Other problems of adults who have ADHDLike children, adults may have other symptoms or problems of ADHD.
One of them is sadness. The problems adults may face along with ADHD are:
- Personality disorder: The infected person’s thoughts, perception, feelings and ability to communicate with others are remarkably different from an average person.
- Bipolar Disorder: A kind of psychological disorder where joy and sadness come gradually at intense level. Rapid mood swings, joy and depression flickers from one extreme to another extreme conditions.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): This gives rise to mental illness, obsessive thoughts and unchangeable behavior which means whenever a thought or belief goes in their mind, it does not change in any way and they continuously think about it.
- Behavioral problems related with ADHD can cause more problems such as relationships, social interaction, problems caused by drugs and crime. Some adults infected with ADHD face difficulties to find a job and live with it.
Many children have restlessness and laxity problems. It is completely normal and does not mean that they have ADHD.
However, if you feel that your child’s behavior is different from the children of his age, then you should talk to your child’s teacher and then see a therapist to talk about your concerns.
If you’re an adult, if you think that you may have ADHD and if it is not diagnosed in childhood, then talk to your doctor about this issue.
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