After birth if there is any disease of newborn present or not which need immediate intervention that is examined here. It is examined more precisely within 72 hours of birth. Newborn’s heart, waist, eyes (genitalia, in case of male child) are examined specially. Usually a neonatologist or expert nurse does this task. It is not necessary to do this examinations before releasing from hospital.
To reduce the risk of easy bleeding, for blood clotting our body need vitamin K. Some newborn suffer from a very rare type of bleeding disorder which causes brain hemorrhage due to very low amount of vitamin K in body. To prevent this disease newborn needs to inject vitamin K injection. Oral vitamin K is also available.
Hearing examination of newborn
Some babies born with a little deafness. To check your baby’s hearing easy and faster examination is done. If a child has diagnosed hearing problem parents and family should help him to build language and social skill.
Heel prick test
When the baby is 5-8days old, doctor or nurse take blood sample from heel. It is used to detect very rare but some serious diseases. Such as- Phenylketonuria (PKU), cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disorders and congenital hypothyroidism. Some go through a examination to detect a genetic disorder named ‘medium chain acyl dehydrogenis deficiency’(MCADD).
Hepatitis B and C
Some can carry hepatitis B virus without any symptom. If pregnant mother is affected by hepatitis B, her baby can have it too. Baby will not be affected but will become carrier and may suffer from liver diseases in future.
Hepatitis B affected mother should complete a full course of vaccines to protect her baby.
If mother is suffering from hepatitis B, the baby should be given vaccines at the age of 1 month and 12 months. If the vaccine is working or not is checked after 12 months of vaccination. Learn more about hepatitis B vaccination. Examine also for hepatitis C.
Learn details about newborn care, primary examinations and investigations, and about growth of the baby upto 5 years.
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