Hypertension- Diagnosis - মায়া

Hypertension- Diagnosis

The only way to know if you have high blood pressure (hypertension) is to have your blood pressure checked.
This can be done by your doctor, and you can also check it yourself with a home testing kit.
Healthy adults aged over 40 should have their blood pressure checked at least once every five years.
If you are at an increased risk of high blood pressure, you should have your blood pressure checked more often, ideally once a year.
Getting checked by your doctor
Blood pressure is often measured using a sphygmomanometer, a device which consists of a stethoscope, arm cuff, dial, pump and valve.
The cuff is placed around your arm and pumped up to restrict the blood flow. The pressure is then slowly released as your pulse is checked using the stethoscope.
Hearing how your pulse beats after the cuff is released allows a measurement to be taken on the mercury scale, giving an accurate reading of your blood pressure.
Before having your blood pressure taken, you should rest for at least five minutes and empty your bladder.
To get an accurate blood pressure reading, you should be sitting down and not talking when the reading is taken.
Blood pressure readings
Having one raised blood pressure reading does not necessarily mean you have high blood pressure. Blood pressure can fluctuate throughout the day. Some people become anxious in medical clinics or when they see their doctors, which can cause the blood pressure to rise. This is a condition called white coat hypertension.
Therefore, you will probably be asked to monitor your blood pressure level throughout the day at home. This will confirm whether you have consistently high blood pressure.
You may also have blood and urine tests to check for conditions that are known to cause an increase in blood pressure, such as kidney disease.
Home testing kits
Portable testing kits that measure your blood pressure at home or on the move can help record your blood pressure. If you are using a digital machine it is important to take an average of 3 readings.
You can buy a variety of testing kits so you can monitor your blood pressure at home or while you’re out and about.
It is important to buy a blood pressure monitor that is reliable and gives accurate readings. Understanding your blood pressure result
Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg) and it is recorded as two figures:
systolic pressure – the pressure of the blood when your heart pushes blood out
diastolic pressure – the pressure of the blood when your heart rests in between beats, which reflects how strongly your arteries are resisting blood flow
For example, if your doctor says your blood pressure is “140 over 90” or 140/90mmHg, it means you have a systolic pressure of 140mmHg and a diastolic pressure of 90mmHg.
Ideally, your blood pressure reading should be below 120/80mmHg. However, anything under 130/80mmHg is generally considered normal.
You are said to have high blood pressure if readings on separate occasions consistently show your blood pressure to be 140/90mmHg or higher.
If you have kidney disease, diabetes or a condition that affects your heart and circulation, your target blood pressure should be below 130/80mmHg.
Photo taken from prothom-alo.com

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