Dengue virus kills around 40,000 people per year
Every 1 in 20 people die from severe dengue. Approximately, 4 billion people are at a risk of dengue around the world because they are living in high-risk dengue areas. Dengue virus is spread to people by the bite of Aedes mosquitoes. Moreover, pregnant women with dengue can also pass the virus to newly born babies. The babies born with infected mothers are at a risk of preterm birth, foetal distress, and low birth weight at time of birth.
Most common symptoms of dengue include fever, vomiting, eye-pain, muscular and bone pain, and rash. These symptoms remain for about a week and complete recovery requires 1 week with moderate symptoms. The warning signs of severe dengue include vomiting, bleeding from nose, blood in stool or vomit, abdominal pain, and liver enlargement of more than 2 cm. Moreover, it’s important to note that dengue bite mostly occur during early morning or night.
There is no specific medication for dengue. Symptomatic treatment is done according to the symptoms. Drink plenty of water around 3 to 4 litres. Eat papaya and papaya leaves boiled in water. Eat a healthy diet rich in proteins such as egg, fish, milk, and meat. Take fruits rich in vitamin c. Also, add vitamin d and iron rich food to the diet. It’s also important to intake spinach, broccoli and foods rich in folate vitamin b12. These increase platelets count. Furthermore, avoid aspirin or any blood thinning medication.
Lab Reports And Diagnosis:
The complete blood count of dengue patients show low levels of white blood cells and low platelets count. There is an increased level of hematocrits. The most damaged organ is the liver. However, in case of severe disease the heart and lungs can also be involved. The virus can also be detected by testing for virus produced protein NS1 antigen. Other methods for diagnosis include serological methods that can be used to see recent or past infection.
Dengue In Pakistan And Its Prevention
Pakistan is one of the many countries affected by dengue. Many people get dengue every year in Pakistan. 25,000 people alone are affected by dengue in 2021. It is therefore necessary to take steps to prevent the virus. This can be done through eating immunity boosting foods such as citrus food that are rich in vitamin c, spinach, almonds, ginger and yogurt. It is also important to protect oneself from mosquito bite. This can be done through wearing clothes that do not expose the skin, using mosquito repellents. Moreover, mosquitoes lay eggs mostly in standing water in containers, so covering, cleaning and emptying the containers can reduce dengue. In addition to this, dengue vaccine is available but it can only be given to ages 9-45 years who have a history of dengue in the past.
Maya And Its Role In Dengue Control:
Maya has been providing constant health care and support to patients having dengue fever. We have been dealing with multiple queries related to dengue from all across Pakistan. Maya has been playing an important role in treating dengue patients and working towards raising awareness to prevent it. Download the Maya app now and get in touch with our doctors to discuss more regarding dengue virus and its prevention. Let’s beat dengue together!