‘Binge eating sweets is okay’
‘It’s just soda, what’s the big deal?’
These statements might ring a bell, because these are just generic conversations you would have had on a random day! A basic yet important question arises, “Where are we going with this?” Well, the word “Diabetes” answers your question and gets us a head start with this article. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin, or the body is unable to use it effectively. This leads us to the next question, “What is insulin and what does it do?” Insulin is a hormone which controls our blood sugar. If uncontrolled, it can lead to hyperglycemia (extremely high sugar levels) or hypoglycemia (extremely low sugar levels). Both are dangerous states and hence it’s important to monitor sugar levels, if you are diagnosed with diabetes.
‘Type 1’ and ‘Type 2’, these words are always part of the conversation when discussing diabetes. To put it in simple words, Type 1 diabetes is when your body is unable to produce insulin and Type 2 diabetes is when your body is unable to utilize insulin. Symptoms of both types include excessive excretion of urine, thirst, constant hunger, weight loss, vision changes, and fatigue. Unfortunately, the exact cause for type 1 is unknown, although genes do play a part in this. Type 2 has various causes related to one’s lifestyle and family history. That’s where the aforementioned statements come into play. Type 2 diabetes is caused by being overweight, consuming a lot of calories especially sugar, physical inactivity and family history of diabetes.
It is crucial to realize that diabetes is the root cause of various other health related issues including heart issues, kidney issues and healing of foot wounds. Therefore, if you are obese or have a family history of diabetes, it’s important to screen for diabetes. The diagnosis is done through testing of blood sugar. If you are afflicted by diabetes, don’t worry because it can be controlled with proper precautions and treatment. Diet should be managed properly, and physical activity should be added to the routine. Type 1 diabetes also requires insulin, whereas type 2 can be treated with oral medications.
Moreover, there is also another type of diabetes referred to as “Gestational Diabetes”. As the name suggests, it is linked to pregnancy. Gestational Diabetes means pregnant mother got diabetes in during her pregnancy. It is diagnosed by OGTT and this levels are lower than other individuals but its still diagnosed Diabetes. Women who suffer from gestational diabetes are at increased risk of complications during delivery. The mother and child are also at risk of type 2 diabetes if diagnosed with gestational diabetes. It is diagnosed through prenatal screening because it doesn’t have any significant symptoms.
This November let’s raise our voice to increase awareness regarding diabetes and help people make better dietary decisions to help prevent the disease. Maya is here to support this cause and play its part in the diabetes campaign. Download the Maya app now and get in touch with our licensed professional doctors and nutritionists to discuss your diabetes related health concerns and eating habits. It’s time to make better life choices and defeat diabetes!